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A septic system works by carrying wastes through a pipe into the septic tank. The septic tank prepares the waste by allowing solids and heavier items to settle while liquids rise to the top for dispersion into the leach or drain field. The leach field consists of trenches, beds or galleries that disperse the liquid through the soil via natural filtration back into the ground water.
Over time your septic system can back up and need draining, your may have a leak in your tank or you may find that you need to replace your entire septic system.
Cracks in the septic tank, the filtering area and even the pipes can occur for a variety of reasons. Septic tanks are usually fully inspected before they get installed, as are the pipes but things can happen after installation. Extreme temperatures can freeze the ground around the tank and pipes or an accident involving something heavy running over the area where the tank is buried. Even the tiniest crack can eventually lead to problems later on.
Having your septic system regularly maintained, by pumping it out on a regular basis and inspections every few years can help to prevent septic tank repairs later on. RooterNOW® has professionals in your area that can handle your septic sewer repair and maintenance needs.
What Causes Septic Tank Problems:
- Excessive dumping of cooking oils and grease can cause the inlet drains to block. Oils and grease are often difficult to degrade and can cause odor problems and difficulties with the periodic emptying.
- Flushing non-biodegradable items. Flusing cigarette butts and hygiene products such as sanitary napkins, tampons, and cotton buds/swabs will rapidly fill or clog a septic tank; these materials should not be disposed of in this way.
- Overuse of garbage disposal. The use of garbage disposals for disposal of waste food can cause a rapid overload of the system and early failure.
- Allowing harsh chemicals to go down the drains. Certain chemicals may damage the components of a septic tank, especially pesticides, herbicides, materials with high concentrations of bleach or any other inorganic materials such as paints or solvents.
- Trees. Roots from trees and shrubbery growing above the tank or the drainfield may clog or even rupture them.
- Building over the tank. Covering the drainage field with an impermeable surface, such as a driveway or parking area, will seriously affect its efficiency and possibly damage the tank and absorption system.
- Too much water. Excessive water entering the system will overload it and cause it to fail. Very high rainfall, rapid snow-melt, and flooding from rivers or the sea can all prevent a drain field from operating and can cause flow to back up and stop the normal operation of the tank. Also check for plumbing leaks and practice water conservation to help the system’s operation.